jalapeno pepper, Heat rating: 2,500 – 5,000 Scoville units Region: United States, Mexico Description: The most commonly eaten pepper in the United States. Dark green, thick skinned and shaped like a bullet, this versatile chile is used in a variety of dishes including salsas, soups, salads and others. It is popular raw and cooked. When the jalapeno pepper is smoked and dried it is called a chipotle. Recipes using the jalapeno pepper.