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This was the first of California's missions ("The Mother" of California's missions), and was founded in July of 1769. It had to be moved once and rebuilt totally 3 times because of different wars (Indian and Mexican). At one time it also was even a military post and then President Lincoln signed it back over to the Catholic Church. Mission Basilica San Diego de Alcala
Father Serra left Fathers Miguel Pieras and Buenaventura Sitjar behind to continue the building efforts, though the construction of the church proper did not actually begin until 1810. By that time, there were 178 Native Americans living at the Mission. By 1805, the number had increased to 1,300, but in 1834, after the secularization laws went into effect, the total number of Mission Indians at the Mission San Antonio was only 150. No town grew up around the Mission, as many did at other instal
The oldest winery in California, dating back to 1771, is this little building in the rear of old Mission San Gabriel in Southern California. Under this shelter, Indians supervised by the Mission Padres pressed grapes for juice to make wine on stone floors still intact. Courtesy of the Wine Institute.
A view of the Catalan forges at Mission San Juan Capistrano, the oldest existing facilities (1790s) of their kind in the State of California. The sign at the lower right-hand corner proclaims the site as being "...part of Orange County's first industrial complex." #juniper300 #latinoheritage #majorca2013
A pencil sketch of Mission San Juan Capstrano drawn by H.M.T. Powell in 1850 shows the domes over the sanctuary and transept, and much of the side walls, as being intact at the time.The structure was reduced very nearly to its present state during the 1860s in a misguided attempt to restore the edifice to its original glory The picture shows that more of the Great Stone Church survived the quake than what is presently standing. #juniper300 #latinoheritage #majorca2013
Fig 'Black Jack'
Fig ‘Black Jack’ The figs traditionally grown in California were initially brought from the Middle East to the West Indies by Spanish & Portuguese missionaries. Franciscan missionaries brought it to Mexico & then to California - first mentioned at the Mission San Diego in 1769 & then taken by the monks to the other Missions. The fig they disseminated is now known as the “Black Mission Fig” & 'Black Jack' is supposedly a seedling of 'Black Mission'. 'Black Jack' stays smaller can be kept to 6'.