. Flora in Cuba There are nearly 7000 species of plants, that are found in Cuba, out of which some 50% are native to the island. The flora is varied, out of which orchids assume a high position. The orchids have outstanding colors, flawless shapes and exist in more than 300 species. The national flower of Cuba is butterfly jasmine, which is a tiny orchid with white petals. The national tree is the Royal Palm.