Bl. Pius IX, Roman Catholic Priest and Pope. The Pope defined the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, meaning that Mary was conceived without original sin. The last Pope to rule as the Sovereign of the Papal States, which fell completely to Italian nationalist armies by 1870 and were incorporated into the Kingdom of Italy. Feastday February 7
Black Nobility: aristocratic families who sided with the Papacy under Pope Pius IX [image] after the Savoy family-led army of the Kingdom of Italy entered Rome on 20 September 1870, overthrew the Pope and the Papal States.