Silene dioica - Red Campion (Caryophyllaceae Images)
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Bugle (Ajuga reptans)
Bugle has a creeping rooting stem and can appear in large mats. It has glossy green or sometimes bronzed leaves and blue flowers. Its five sepals are fused to form a short bell. The upper lip of the flower is almost missing exposing the blue stamens. The lower lip has two small side lobes and a large notched cental lobe. The fruit consists of four nutlets. Stems are killed in winter but the roots remain and form a new plant. Its syrup was once used to cure many ailments from colds to wounds…
Selfheal (Prunella vulgaris) © paul dickson
Bees are the plant's main feeders - a ring of hairs inside the flowers prevents small insects from taking the nectar but not from pollinating. Also a butterfly plant. Honey lies at the bottom of the corolla tube and protected... more
Hedge woundwort (Stachys sylvatica)
A very hairy upright plant with heart-shaped leaves borne in opposite pairs. The flowers have a concave upper lip and a three lobed white marked lower lip. The sepals form a tube with five long pointed teeth. The leaves just below the flower whorls are shorter and narrower than the other stem leaves. The plant was once used to stem bleeding and cure wounds - a poultice was made from the leaves and other green parts of the plant. The plant contains an oil that has antiseptic like qualities…
~The Dog Rose (Witches' Briar, Dogberry) symbolizes Pain and Pleasure. After World War II, it was planted in victory gardens and still grows from those locations. It is native to Europe, NW Africa, and W Asia. It is a deciduous shrub ranging from 1-5m high though it can grow higher than trees. Its prickles help it climb. The flowers are usually pale pink, though they can vary between deep pink and white.