An aerial view of Old Sarum, Wiltshire, UK showing the motte and bailey castle and the remains of the Bishop's Palace. The Bishop's seat was transferred to nearby Salisbury in 1219 which gradually led to the decline of the Old Sarum site.
Middleham Castle, Wensleydale, Yorkshire, England, the childhood and later main home of Richard III. Richard's son was born at the castle and later died there. Building had started in 1190 near the site of an earlier motte and bailey castle.