Biblioteca Palafoxiana - The Biblioteca Palafoxiana in Puebla, Mexico, was the first public library in colonial Mexico founded by the bishop Juan de Palafox y Mendoza. The library is by some sources mentioned as the first in all of the Americas. Juan de Palafox y Mendoza was very fond of books and the library contains more than 40000 pieces.
Wiki: The Biblioteca Palafoxiana is the first public library in the Americas. Founded by Bishop Juan de Palafox y Mendoza in 1646. The Biblioteca Palafoxiana owes its name and foundation to Juan de Palafox y Mendoza, bishop of Puebla. He was a lover of books, and is quoted as having said, "He who succeeds without books is in an inconsolable darkness, on a mountain without company, on a path without a crosier, in darkness without a guide."